According to tradition Juan Diego a simple indigenous peasant saw a vision of a young woman on December 9 1531. While he was on the hill in the desert of Tepeyac near Mexico City the lady told him to build a church exactly on the spot where they were standing. He told the local bishop who asked for some proof. He went back and saw the vision again. He told the lady that the bishop wanted proof and she said "Bring the roses behind you." When he looked behind he saw a bunch of roses growing. He cut the roses placed them in his poncho and returned to the bishop. When he arrived to the bishop he said he had brought proof. When he opened his poncho instead of roses there was a picture of the young lady in the vision. Today the icon is displayed in the Basilica of Guadalupe nearby one of the most visited Catholic shrines in the world. The Virgin of Guadalupe is Mexico's most popular religious and cultural image with the titles "Queen of Mexico" _________ Following the Spanish Conquest in 1519-21 a temple of the mother-goddess Tonantzin at Tepeyac outside Mexico City was destroyed and a chapel dedicated to the Virgin built on the site. Newly converted Indians continued to come from afar to worship there. The object of their worship however was equivocal as they continued to address the Virgin Mary as Tonantzin