Estonia was settled near the end of the last glacial era beginning from around 8500 BC. Before the German invasions in the 13th century proto-Estonians of the Ancient Estonia worshipped the spirits of nature. Since the Northern Crusades Estonia became a battleground for centuries where Denmark Germany Russia Sweden and Poland fought their many wars over controlling the important geographical position of the country as a gateway between East and West.
The Baltic states also Baltics Baltic nations or Baltic countries usually are referred to the territories east of Baltic Sea which gained independence from the Russian Empire in the wake of World War I: primarily the contiguous trio of Estonia Latvia and Lithuania; Finland also fell within the scope of the term from the 1920s to 1939.
Summer fun on the big island of Saaremaa