Kingdom of Bohemia 1198–1918. The King was a Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire & it became part of the Habsburg's larger Austrian Empire and its capital Prague was one of the empire's leading cities.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Kingdom_of_ Bohemia
his patronage of the arts and occult sciences was a key part of the Renaissance moved the Habsburg capital from Vienna to Prague in 1583
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Rudolph_II _Holy_Roman_Emperor
The frontispiece of the Rudolphine Tables  by Kepler through patronage of Holy Roman Emperor Rudoph II [1552– 1612]