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CaptionThe political scene in Uruguay during the 1830s became split between two parties the conservative Blancos [Whites" and the liberal Colorados {literally "coloureds" more usually ["Reds"[. The Colorados were led by Fructuoso Rivera and represented the business interests of Montevideo; the Blancos were headed by Manuel Oribe who looked after the agricultural interests of the countryside and promoted protectionism. The two groups took their names from the color of the armbands that they wore; initially the Colorados wore blue but when it faded in the sun they replaced it with red. --- --- --- With the destruction of the Uruguayan army at the battle of Arroyo Grande it was assumed that the country's capital Montevideo would fall to the combined forces of the Buenos Aires governorJuan Manuel de Rosas and the former Uruguayan president Manuel Oribe.  Oribe's siege of Montevideo Uruguay's capital lasted for nine years and ultimately failed.  The newly-freed slaves who formed a contingent 5 000 strong and the community of foreign exiles were mostly responsible for the defense of the city  The British Empire eventually saved the city by allowing it to receive supplies. French Spanish  Basque   and Italian legionnaires led by Giuseppe Garibaldi teamed up with the Colorados in defending the city. Historians believe that the French and British forces intervened in the region to ensure free navigation along the Rio Parana and Rio Uruguay. However in 1850 both the French and British withdrew after signing a treaty which represented a triumph for Juan Manuel de Rosas and his Federal Party in Argentina. --- --- --- After the withdrawal of British and French troops it appeared that Montevideo would fall to Juan Manuel de Rosas and former president Oribe. However an uprising against de Rosas led by fellow Federalist Justo José de Urquiza governor of Argentina's Entre Ríos Province with the assistance of a small Uruguayan force changed the situation. B
HeadlineGiuseppe Garibaldi the leader of the Italian legion and Uruguayan navy during the Uruguayan Civil War. Later he became the father of modern Italy
KeywordsGaribaldi
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Uruguayan_Civil_War
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguayan_Civil_War

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Giuseppe-Garibaldi.JPG 181 Kb 01/11/2012 427 0.00 (0 votes)

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