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CaptionThe Venezuelan Red Howler Monkey Alouatta seniculus is a South American species of howler monkey a type of New World monkey. It is found in Colombia Venezuela Trinidad Guyana French Guiana Brazil Ecuador Peru and Bolivia. ______________ Howler monkeys range in size from 56 to 92cm excluding their tail which can be as long again. Like many New World monkeys they have prehensile tails. They have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years. These monkeys are native to South and Central American forests. They live in groups of usually about 18 individuals. Threats to howler monkeys include being hunted for food and export. ______________ As their name suggests vocal animal communication forms an important part of their social behavior. Specifically the name comes from their distinctive loud barking whoop they make which can be heard over considerable distances. They have an enlarged basihyal or hyoid bone which helps them make their loud sound. Unlike other New World monkeys both male and female howler monkeys have trichromatic colour vision. The large slow moving monkeys are the only folivores of the New World monkeys. Howlers eat mainly top canopy leaves together with fruit buds and flowers. They move quadrapedally and do not brachiate usually holding on to a branch with at least two hands or one hand and the tail at all times. Their prehensile tails are strong enough to support the monkey's entire body weight although they seldom do so. The first 2 fingers of each hand are set apart and are opposable to the other three. They very seldom leave the trees.
Headlineseldom leave the trees
Copyright Noticewiki/Red_Howler
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Howler

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Red_Howler_monkey.JPG 75 Kb 10/09/2006 71 0.00 (0 votes)

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