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CaptionBefore the Spanish came the Ohlone lived in more than 50 distinct landholding groups and did not view themselves as a distinct group. They survived by hunting fishing and gathering in the typical ethnographic California pattern. Their culture included shamanism. From 1769 to 1833 Spanish policies including the Spanish missions in California brought tremendous upheaval hardship and decimation to the Ohlone people. The Ohlone living today belong to one or another of a number of geographically distinct groups most but not all in their original home territory. The Muwekma Ohlone Tribe has members from around the San Francisco Bay Area and is composed of descendents of the Ohlones/Costanoans from the San Jose Santa Clara and San Francisco missions. The Ohlone/Costanoan Esselen Nation consisting of descendants of intermarried Rumsen Costanoan and Esselen speakers of Mission San Carlos Borromeo are centered at Monterey. The Amah-Mutsun Tribe are descendants of Mutsun Costanoan speakers of Mission San Juan Bautista inland from Monterey Bay. Most members of another group of Rumsen language descendants from Mission San Carlos the Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe Of Pomona/Chino now live in southern California. These groups and others with smaller memberships are separately petitioning the federal government for tribal recognition. __________ Ohlone Indians. The Bancroft Library is the primary special collections library at the University of California Berkeley.
HeadlineOhlone Indians are separately petitioning the federal government for tribal recognition.
CreditBancroft Library

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olmsind4a.JPG 41 Kb 07/21/2006 256 0.00 (0 votes)

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