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CaptionFerdinand I [ January 12 1751 January 4 1825] was King variously of Naples Sicily and the Two Sicilies from 1759 until his death. He was the third son of King Charles VII of Naples and Sicily by his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. On August 10 1759 Charles succeeded his brother as King Charles III of Spain. Treaty provisions made Charles unable to hold the titles of all three Kingdoms. On October 6 1759 he therefore abdicated in favour of Ferdinand Charles's eldest son Philip was mentally retarded and the second son Charles was destined to inherit the Spanish throne. _________ Ferdinand's minority ended in 1767 and his first act was the expulsion of the Jesuits. The following year he married Archduchess Maria Carolina daughter of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and sister of Emperor Joseph II of Austria and the future Queen Marie Antoinette of France. By the marriage contract the queen was to have a voice in the council of state after the birth of her first son and she was not slow to avail herself of this means of political influence. Beautiful clever and proud like her mother but cruel and treacherous her ambition was to raise the kingdom of Naples to the position of a great power; she soon came to exercise complete sway over her husband who much preferred to leave the government in her hands. ___ Ferdinand was born in Naples. When his father ascended the Spanish throne in 1759 Ferdinand in accordance with the treaties forbidding the union of the two crowns succeeded him as king of Naples under a regency presided over by the Tuscan Bernardo Tanucci. His regent purposely neglected the young king's education and encouraged him in his love of pleasure his idleness and his excessive devotion to outdoor sports. Ferdinand grew up athletic but ignorant and ill-bred. Although poorly educated Charles was intelligent and often displayed considerable insight once remarking that like children Naples was best ruled by "sticks and sweets."
HeadlineFerdinand I Ferdinando Antonio Pasquale Giovanni Nepomuceno Serafino Gennaro Benedetto January 12 1751 January 4 1825
Keywordsmadonna Philerimos
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Ferdinand_IV_of_Naples
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_IV_of_Naples

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