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CaptionFounded around the end of the 7th century BCE by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris and originally known as Poseidonia. Outside of archaeological evidence very little is known about Paestum during its first centuries. Archaeological evidence indicates that the city was expanding with the building of roads temples and other features of a growing city. Coinage architecture and molded votive figurines all attest to close relations maintained with Metaponto in the sixth and fifth centuries. It is not until the end of the fifth century BCE that the city is mentioned when according to Strabo the city was conquered by the Lucani. From the archaeological evidence it appears that the two cultures Greek and Oscan were able to get together and thrive. What is known is it later became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 BCE after the Graeco-Italian Poseidonians sided with the loser Pyrrhus in war against Rome during the first quarter of the third century BCE. During the invasion of Italy by Hannibal the city remained faithful to Rome and afterwards was granted special favours such as the minting of its coinage. The city continued to prosper during the Roman imperial period but started to go into decline between the 4th and 7th centuries. It was abandoned during the Middle Ages and its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century following the rediscovery of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. _______ The main features of the site today are the standing remains of three major temples in Doric style dating from the first half of the 6th century BCE. These were dedicated to Hera Apollo and Athena _____________ The city of Paestum covers an area of approximately 120 hectares. Its only the 25 hectares that contain the three main temples that have excavated. The other 95 hectares remain on private land and have not been excavated. The city is surrounded by defensive walls that still stand.
Headlineabout 85 km SE of Naples in the province of Salerno near resort town of Paestum
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Paestum
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paestum

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Temple_of_Athena.JPG 81 Kb 04/05/2008 63 0.00 (0 votes)

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