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CaptionThought to be a Roman adaptation of Egyptian religious ceremonies celebrating the birthday of Isis. --- --- --- By the 4th century Isiac cult was thoroughly integrated into traditional Roman religious practice but evidence that Isis was honored by the Lychnapsia is indirect and lychnapsia is a general word in Greek for festive lamp-lighting. In the 5th century lychnapsia could be synonymous with lychnikon lamp-lighting at vespers as a Christian liturgical office --- --- --- Numerous lamp festivals were celebrated in Egypt. The most important of these began during the five epagomenal days at the end of the year following Mesore Coptic Mesori the twelfth and last month of the Egyptian calendar that corresponded roughly to the Roman month of Augustus. The Egyptian calendar divided a year of 360 days into 12 equal months of 30 days each with the year-end insertion of five days sometimes called "lamp days" to synch with the solar year. The birthday of Isis was celebrated on the fourth epagomenal day --- --- --- The Calendar of Philocalus 354 AD places the Roman Lychnapsia pridie Idus Augustas the day before the Ides of August a month when the Ides fell on the 13th. It began to be celebrated after the mid-1st century AD --- --- --- Greek awareness of Egyptian lamp-lighting festivals is recorded as early as Herodotus [5th century BC] who mentions the Festival of Lanterns at Sais held for Neith. Illumination by torches or lamps had a long tradition in Greek and Roman religion under names such as lampadeia and phosphoreia in Greek. Torches were particularly associated with the Eleusinian Mysteries and the cult of Demeter [Roman Ceres] with whose functions Isis was identified through interpretatio graeca. At Delos women bearing lamps carried out rituals involving Isis. ____________________ Roman wall painting from Herculaneum depicting an Isiac ritual: the priest at the foot of the steps center extends a tall white candle in his right hand
HeadlineIn the Roman Empire the Lychnapsia was a festival of lamps on Aug 12th widely in honor of Isis. One of several official Roman holidays and observances that publicly linked the the cult of Isis with Imperial cult
KeywordsRoman-ancient-festival calendar Herculaneum ancient-festival
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Lychnapsia
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lychnapsia

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