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CaptionDionysus wrapped in panther skin and ivy holding a wine jar with thyrsi around. Attic Red-figure amphora by the Kleophrades Painter c. 500-490 BCE from Vulci. Antikensammlung Munich. ____________________________________________________________________ Dionysian initiation is to awaken the higher mind to comprehend its participation in the whole. Nightly celebrations were held in which the votaries would observe the sparagmos: the tearing apart of a live animal the eating of its flesh and the drinking of its blood symbolic of the Titans' eating the body of Dionysus. Participants believed they were in fact partaking of the god's body and blood. Since the flesh represented the god the worshippers absorbed part of the god giving them communion with him. Having temporarily received his powers they abandoned themselves to frenzied dancing becoming ecstatic. Because Dionysus was the god of the vine worshippers practised ritual intoxication and because he was the god of fertility and the regenerative power of sex they practised ritual intercourse. The cult survived well into the Christian era despite persecution by the Christians. His life and death cycle however was unusual in being celebrated in alternate years one for his death then the next for his resurrection as "the Light of the East". Dionysus was the product of a God's union with a mortal woman—he was a Son of God—and was represented as a bearded young man of distinguished appearance. He taught men laws gave them happiness and peace as well as the vine and taught them how to be civilised. He suffered a violent death descended into Hell was resurrected and ascended into Heaven. Communion with the god was by a meal.
HeadlineDionysus taught laws gave peace and the vine and taught men how to be civilised.
Copyright Noticeessenes.net/ [500-490 BCE]
URLhttp://essenes.net/m58.htm

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