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CaptionAcropolis of Athens --- -- ---The Acropolis is located on a flat-topped rock that rises 150 m 490 ft above sea level in the city of Athens with a surface area of about 3 hectares. It was also known as Cecropia after the legendary serpent-man Cecrops the first Athenian king. While the earliest artifacts date to the Middle Neolithic era there have been documented habitations in Attica from the Early Neolithic 6th millennium BC. There is little doubt that a Mycenaean megaron stood upon the hill during the late Bronze Age. Nothing of this megaron survives except probably a single limestone column-base and pieces of several sandstone steps. Soon after the palace was constructed a Cyclopean massive circuit wall was built 760 meters long up to 10 meters high and ranging from 3.5 to 6 meters thick. This wall would serve as the main defense for the acropolis until the 5th century. The wall consisted of two parapets built with large stone blocks and cemented with an earth mortar called emplekton. The wall follows typical Mycenaean convention in that it followed the natural contour of the terrain and its gate was arranged obliquely with a parapet and tower overhanging the incomers' right-hand side thus facilitating defense. There were two lesser approaches up the hill on its north side consisting of steep narrow flights of steps cut in the rock. Homer is assumed to refer to this fortification when he mentions the "strong-built House of Erechtheus".
HeadlineThe Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance the most famous being the Parthenon.
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Acropolis_of_Athens
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acropolis_of_Athens

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Acropolis-wikipedia.JPG 58 Kb 11/12/2012 2 0.00 (0 votes)

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