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CaptionArthur Schopenhauer 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860 was a German philosopher known for his pessimism and philosophical clarity. At age 25 he published his doctoral dissertation On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason which examined the four separate manifestations of reason in the phenomenal world. Schopenhauer's most influential work The World as Will and Representation claimed that the world is fundamentally what humans recognize in themselves as their will. His analysis of will led him to the conclusion that emotional physical and sexual desires can never be fulfilled. Consequently he considered that a lifestyle of negating desires similar to the ascetic teachings of Vedanta Buddhism and the Church Fathers of early Christianity was the only way to attain liberation.[2] Schopenhauer's metaphysical analysis of will his views on human motivation and desire and his aphoristic writing style influenced many well-known thinkers including Friedrich Nietzsche; Richard Wagner; RW Emerson; Albert Einstein; Sigmund Freud; Otto Rank; CG Jung; Leo Tolstoy; and Jorge Luis Borges. --- --- --- When the Kingdom of Prussia acquired the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth city of Danzig in 1793 Schopenhauer's family moved to Hamburg. In 1805 Schopenhauer's father may have committed suicide.[6] Shortly thereafter Schopenhauer's mother Johanna moved to Weimar then the centre of German literature to pursue her writing career. After one year Schopenhauer left the family business in Hamburg to join her. Schopenhauer became a student at the University of Göttingen in 1809. There he studied metaphysics and psychology under Gottlob Ernst Schulze the author of Aenesidemus who advised him to concentrate on Plato and Immanuel Kant. --- --- --- A key focus of Schopenhauer was his investigation of individual motivation. Before Schopenhauer Hegel had popularized the concept of Zeitgeist the idea that society consisted of a collective consciousness
HeadlineSchopenhauer [1788 – 1860] refused to conceive of love as either trifling or accidental but rather understood it to be an immensely powerful force lying unseen within man's psyche and dramatically shaping the world:
KeywordsZeitgeist Schopenhauer Schopenhauer-and-Wagner
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Arthur_Schopenhauer
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Schopenhauer

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