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CaptionRichard I [8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199] was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy Duke of Aquitaine Duke of Gascony Lord of Cyprus Count of Anjou Count of Maine Count of Nantes and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Cœur de Lion or mainly Richard the Lionheart even before his accession because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. The Muslims called him Melek-Ric King Richard or Malek al-Inkitar – King of England. By the age of 16 Richard the Lionheart had taken command of his own army putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father King Henry II. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade leading the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart Saladin although he did not reconquer Jerusalem from Saladin. Richard spoke langue d'oïl a French dialect and Occitan a Romance language spoken in southern France and nearby regions. He lived in his Duchy of Aquitaine in the southwest of France and spent very little time in England preferring to use his kingdom as a source of revenue to support his armies. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects. He remains one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet rather than regnal number and is an enduring iconic figure in England and France. --- --- --- At the end of 1191 Richard Lion Heart agreed to sell Cyprus to the Templars for 25 000 pieces of silver. Richard had plundered the island from the Byzantine forces of a rival ruler in Cyprus some months earlier and had no real use for it. The Hospitallers would later establish solid bases on the islands of Rhodes and Malta but Sablé failed to do the same with the island of Cyprus.
HeadlineRichard I "The Lionheart" King of England Plantagent photo page
KeywordsRichard-I knights-templar
Copyright Noticerootsweb.ancestry.com
Creditrootsweb.ancestry.com
URLhttp://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mcgee411/GHTOUT/ppg158.html

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