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CaptionThe ancient civil Egyptian calendar had a year that was 365 days long. The year consisted of 12 months of 30 days each plus five extra days epagomenae from Greek ἐπαγόμεναι at the end of the year. The months were divided into three weeks decans of ten days each. Because the ancient Egyptian year was almost a quarter of a day shorter than the solar year and stellar events therefore "wandered" through the calendar it has been referred to as the annus vagus or "wandering year". --- --- --- According to Roman writer Censorinus the Egyptian New Year's Day fell on July 20 in the Julian Calendar in 139 CE which was a heliacal rising of Sirius in Egypt. From this it is possible to calculate that the previous occasion on which this occurred was 1322 BC and the one before that was 2782 BCE. This latter date has been postulated as the time when the calendar was invented but Djer's reign preceded that date. --- --- --- The reformed Egyptian calendar continues to be used in Egypt as the Coptic calendar of the Egyptian Church and by the Egyptian populace at large particularly the peasants to calculate the agricultural seasons. Contemporary Egyptian farmers like their ancient predecessors divide the year into three seasons namely winter summer and inundation. It is also associated with local festivals such as the annual Flooding of the Nile and the ancient Spring festival sham en nisim. _________________ Nut Egyptian goddess of the sky with the star chart in the tomb of Ramses VI. Human figures represent stars and constellations
HeadlineCopernicus constructed his tables for the motion of the planets based on the Egyptian year because of its mathematical regularity. The convention amongst modern Egyptologists is to number the months consecutively using Roman numerals.
KeywordsCopernicus calendar sky-goddess-Nut
Copyright Noticeen.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Egyptian_calendar
URLhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_calendar

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